For the purposes of definition the terms peace education and conflict resolution education are blended into a mix of approaches when applied to Victorian schools.

The most common ways that schools incorporate PE & CRE are through:
The provision of safe, supportive learning environments. This will include attention to such things as relationship building, reduction of bullying, social skills development, conflict management, violence prevention, multiculturalism etc. Schools may organise activity around particular frameworks such as National Safe Schools, Values Education, Health Promoting Schools or Essential Learnings
Program approaches such as Civics and Citizenship Education, Human Rights Education, Values Education, Global Education and personal development (these are often hybridised to form the basis of a peaceful school program or
Philosophies such as peer mediation and restorative justice

Such responses are housed within whole school approaches. In general terms this means that:
– there are agreed (shared) values and vision directing school practice
– the curriculum includes student wellbeing, the school organisation, environment, policies and practices
– attention is paid to prevention, early intervention and targeted intervention.
– school leadership, teachers, students, parents and the wider community seek to collaborate and share the responsibility of developing a community of learning
– the practices are inclusive and multidisciplinary